The levels of lipoproteins (HDL and LDL) are affected by the types of fats we consume. Saturated fats or animal fats are commonly found in meat, egg yolks, coconut oil, palm oil, and whole milk products. Trans fatty acids are chemically unsaturated fats. However, in the body trans fats behave much like saturated fats. Trans fats also lower HDL levels and raise LDL levels, increasing the risk of heart disease.
Trans fats are usually introduced into the diet in ways most consumers are unaware of. During hydrogenation, polyunsaturated oils become exposed to hydrogen at high temperatures. The nature of the polyunsaturated fat becomes transformed into a trans fat. Most margarines and baked goods contain the hydrogenated polyunsaturated oils. Now the FDA requires that trans fats be listed on nutrition labels making the trans fat easier for the consumer to avoid.
The right type of fat can actually help you burn fat and is extremely healthy for the body. Polyunsaturated fats are oils at room temperature such as sunflower, corn, and soybean oil. Polyunsaturated oils contain essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. These fatty acids are also associated with a lowered risk of heart disease.
The omega-3 fatty acid is primarily linolenic acid. These fatty acids are found primarily in plants and in fish oils that contain DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid). The omega-3 fatty acid can actually counteract some of the negative effects of insulin resistance. Therefore, a diet plan incorporating significant amounts of omega-3 fats helps to promote weight loss.
The omega-6 fatty acid, primarily linoleic acid obtained from vegetable oils helps to protect against heart disease. Good sources of omega-6 fats are nuts, avocados, olives, soybeans, along with sesame, cottonseed, and corn oil.
Monounsaturated fats are the cornerstone to the Mediterranean diet. The Mediterranean cultures show that a diet rich in olive oil is correlated with a low incidence of heart disease. Monounsaturated fats can be found in canola, peanut, and olive oil. This type of fat has the ability to favorably modify lipoprotein levels.
Weight loss is a combination of diet and exercise planning. Problems most encounter are lack of long term commitment. This weight loss commitment issue has made the quick fix weight loss plan the most popular. Look past the popular weight loss trends. Remember, achieving long term weight loss resides in a lifestyle change you can adapt to.